swimming tips-help swimming stroke correction:

Swimming tips-help, questions and answers about swimming in general, if you have a question in mind then ask me direct

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Swimming tips-help body position

We will start with freestyle in swimming tips-help it is the most popular stroke, I often have questions about this because it is quite a popular and most used stroke a well as quite complex. When improving your stroke technique always start with body position.

Swimming tips-help common problems with body position on the front:

Q. Legs too far underwater (front crawl) not level in the water.

A. This is mainly caused by your head lifting too high when in the water, think of a sea saw head too high legs too low. Head too far under water legs too high out of the water. This can also be caused by insufficient leg action (see swimming tips help /legs).

Q. When swimming front crawl as you pull each arm your body is moving from side to side (lateral deviation).

A. This is caused by possibly two faults, firstly your legs may not be efficient enough. Legs in front crawl contribute only 4-5 percent of propulsion the main purpose of front crawl legs it to keep your body horizontal in the water as well as preventing your body moving side to side as your arms pull each way.

Secondly it can be caused by over stretching across the center line when pulling your arms, imagine that there is a line in the middle of your body you should make sure that your arms do not cross over that line on entry, make sure that your hand enters the water thumb first between your head and shoulder blades. As you pull your arms in propulsion your arm should not pull under your stomach, pull towards your hip bending your arm and do not pull any further then rotate your wrist so that your little finger exits the water first as you release the catch.

Q. When swimming backstroke legs move side to side as you move your arms.

A. As the above answer about keeping your legs straight, horizontal in the water but the main point to kick your legs from the hips a lot harder because when your arms enter the water outside the center line. So this means that there is more danger of your legs moving side to side.

Q. Swimming vertically with legs kicking down to the pool floor when swimming breastroke.

A. This can be caused by two factors, firstly lack of confidence not feeling comfortable in the water and keeping your legs behind you. Secondly a non productive leg action can cause this as well, 60 percent of propulsion in breastroke is created by the legs and if they are not working as they should the arms will compensate, then because legs are not propelling yourself they will in turn sink.

Q. When swimming breastroke the legs are doing the correct action as well as being in the correct position but are not creating any propulsion.

A. This is a very common problem with breastroke legs and it happens to most learner breastroke swimmers and a lot of experiences swimmers who have been doing it for years and may not realize. It would be worth asking a friend to see you swim whilst they stand on the side to see if you do it. The reason that the legs are doing the correct action and they are not creating propulsion is mainly because the toes Click onto this link to go to my page about learning breastroke legs, here you will see illustrated photographs showing correct leg technique

Swimming tips-help legs

Q. Swimming tips-help Front crawl legs sinking when swimming or doing leg action on its own.

A. If this is not caused by incorrect body position then it is probably the leg action. It could be that you are not keeping your legs straight and not kicking from the hips. Another cause could be that your ankles are ridged and not floppy this would also cause your legs to sink and move backwards, the ridged ankles are causing you to scull backwards.

Click onto this link to view my page about learning freestyle/front crawl legs which will show you in more detail along with illustrated photographs

Q. Swimming tips-help When swimming breastroke the legs are doing the correct action as well as being in the correct position but are not creating any propulsion.

A. This is quite a common problem with breastroke legs, This is a very common problem with breastroke legs and it happens to most learner breastroke swimmers and a lot of experiences swimmers who have been doing it for years and may not relies. It would be worth asking a friend to see you swim whilst they stand on the side to see if you do it. when someone has this problem you find that the arms compensate for the legs causing muscle strain across the upper arm and chest. The arms are creating all the propulsion. The main part of the leg action to blame is the propulsive phase as the legs come up to the body as the legs bend, the feet point out so that the bottom of your feet catch the water as you then kick the water behind you.

Click onto this link to see my page about learning breastroke legs which includes illustrated photographs, it shows this leg action with toes pointing out correctly along with other swimming tips.

Q. Swimming tips-help When swimming backstroke there seems to be a lot of splashing around the knees causing drag.

A. This is caused from bending at the knees and using a cycling type action with your legs instead of kicking from the thighs and hips. Use instead a straight leg kick only bending very slightly at the knees. Keep your ankles floppy, kicking towards the surface of the water only breaking the surface slightly.

To reads in more detail about backstroke legs detail click onto this link to view my page about learning backstroke legs which contains illustrated photographs

Swimming tips-help arms

Q. Swimming tips-help, When swimming front crawl there is a lot of splashing and when I get to the other side I feel out of breath.

A. There is a few possible reasons for this, it could be that your arms are entering the water with your arms rather that entering the water thumbs first. Then followed by the rest of your lower arm and elbows last. You are spearing the water from above keeping your elbows high. By entering the water thumbs first you are not slapping the water, you are not causing drag. Make sure you enter the water between the head and shoulder blades not to pull outside the center line

Click onto this link to read my page about learning freestyle arms to learn in more detail the arm action and how to do it perfectly

Q. Swimming tips-help, When swimming breastroke drag is created by arms and feeling like head is falling forward.

A. This is a common problem with breastroke arms and is easily corrected, it is mainly cause by the breastroke arms pulling too far back. Breastroke arms is all happening under your chin, you pull outwards, downwards and backwards your arms bend at the elbows and come it towards your body. They do not go behind you because this is what is causing the drag and if you do this you have the feeling of your head going under because you are not pushing down and backwards. Imagine you are swimming through a tunnel.

Click here to go to my page about breastroke arms which will describe in more detail about breastroke arms along with illustrated photographs Q. Swimming tips-help, When swimming backstroke it seem that I am sinking as I pull my arms to the side it seems a struggle to get my body to move as I pull my arms to the side.

A. This can occur for different reasons, it could be because when you pull your arms to the side that you are pulling your arms too far under the water which in turn will pull your body under water. As you enter the water over your head you should pull you arms to your side with a slightly bent arm rather than a deep pull.

It could also be because you are not entering the water far enough over your head not creating enough propulsion, this could also case snaking from side to side (Lateral deviation).

Swimming tips-help breathing

Q. Swimming tips-help, When swimming front crawl I find that when I turn my head to breathe I lose speed, propulsion as well as the flow of the stroke, the breathing seem to interfere with the stroke. When swimming with head in without the breathing the stroke is very good.

A. This question covers a number of problems with front crawl breathing, firstly loosing speed when breathing could be because when you turn your head to the side you may be turning your whole body rather than just your head, this will cause bad body position causing drag as well as loss of speed. If you’re breathing is interfering with your stroke then you may need to look at you breathing technique, for example if you do not breathe out when your head is in the water then you will have to breathe out then in so this in turn will create a pause. You stop just to breathe out then in for those few seconds makes all the difference to the flow of your stroke.

Click onto this link to see my page about freestyle which includes breathing and timing Q. Swimming tips-help, When swimming breastroke when should I breathe?

A. Think of your mouth as blowing and drawing in your arms, for example as you draw your arms backwards and downwards imagine as you breathe in that you are drawing your arms towards you. This is as your head rises up to breathe. Then as your arms reach forward and your head goes under the water imagine that you are blowing your arms away from you as you breathe out. Swimming tips-help to read my Page about breastroke breathing, click onto this link to view my page about learning breastroke which includes breathing and illustrated photographs When it comes to backstroke breathing this is not normally a problem, you can develop your own breathing pattern, breathe in as one arm comes out of the water then breathe out as the other arm comes out of the water.

Swimming tips-help timing

Q. Swimming tips-help, When swimming from crawl when should I breathe and what position should my arms be in? how far should I turn m y head, do I turn to the side or lift to the front? do I breathe on every arm stroke every two or four?

A. These are very common questions relating to front crawl timing as well has the most frequent problems with the mentioned subjects. To begin with the position your arms should be is the point where your arm is bent coming out of the water is when you should breathe. You should turn your head enough to take a breath. Remember to turn your head and not turn your whole body this interferes with your streamlining and body position.

Your head should not lift but turn to the side this again would cause your legs to sink causing drag.

Breathing timing can be a personal choice depending on the reason for the stroke and how far/fast you are intending to swim. For example, you are swimming from one side to the other 20-25 meters, you would not need as much oxygen so you would not need to breathe so much every 4-6 strokes. If you are swimming for a long period of time you need a constant flow of oxygen so you would need to breathe on a more constant basis 2-4 strokes to every breath. Click onto this link to view my page about freestyle swimming which include more detailed instructions about front crawl timing with illustrated photographs Q. Swimming tips-help, When swimming breastroke if find that it feels that I am creating drag, when I get to the side I seem to make a lot of waves and I feel out of breath when I get to the other side. Swimming the breastroke feels like a lot of effort but not getting very far.

A. This is caused by incorrect timing which can be easily corrected by doing some practices which help you to understand the principles behind the timing of the stroke. Once you have learned the correct technique of the arms and legs the timing should then be learned before you start the breathing.

Click onto this link to view my page about breastroke timing which will help you understand the reason and how to prefect good timing

Q. Swimming tips/ help, When I swim backstroke when is the best time to use my arms, when is the correct time to recover arms and pull,

A Make sure that you use your arms one at a time more or less, don’t use the one arm until the other one is finished. For example as your arm comes out of the water to recover to do the arm stroke again your other arm should have just finished. Swimming tips- help click onto this link to view my page about back stroke swimming and the timing of the stroke Finally just want to say that you are welcome to ask any questions related to anything to do with the aspect of swimming Click here to return to home page